Battle for the deep soul: praying in the wind of Winged Hussars

May 13, 2019 08:33 PM 0 Answers
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Battle for the deep soul: praying in the wind of Winged Hussars

Welcome everybody to the series of Sufi-Salafi: for the battle of deep soul.

To understand why such complicated and tense, mixed and somehow cooperative between two Sunni major sects, Salafism and Sufism, we’ll travel across countries and throughout these nations’ population. Following will be how do people examine the rivalry of two sects, and how it has become more diverse within and without.

Today, we start from our journey to the land of the legendary Winged Hussars, to connect and discover the thrive of Muslims, and growing clashes between Sufis and Salafis, in the country.

If anybody has ever been to this country, people, regardless which nationalities, will consider her as an amazing, incredible and a heroic history fighting for incredible survival against many brutal enemies bordering her.

The Rzeczpospolita Polska, or commonly, Republic of Poland, is this land.

Descendant of ancient Slavic immigration in 2000 years ago, Poland was founded in late 10th century and became a dominant Catholic Christian country in communication with Rome. It was the King Mieszko who baptized Polish people to follow a common cause, the Catholic cause, and started Polish civilization as the core center of Catholic Christianity in Eastern Europe.

The Poles enjoyed a relatively close and brotherly tie with the Kievan Rus’, who founded a fellow Slavic state. However, subsequent Mongol invasions devastated Poland, though not destroying the country. This put Poland and Lithuania to somehow, bond together in a similar destiny.

During its height of medieval power, Poland and Lithuania were in a common union, which formed the Commonwealth, one of Europe’s greatest at the time. And Poland, the dominant power in the Commonwealth, was pretty known for religious tolerance, and its harmony between Catholic majority to Orthodox, Muslims, Jews, Protestants, Lutherans — as well as plenty of ethnics; though it depended due to its border tensions and various wars. This tolerance culture was the result of the hand of Casimir the Great, who issued Jewish immigration to Poland and their sympathy.

In their height, the Poles faced tough opposition like the Teutonic Germans, and the Orthodox Russians. The Poles repelled all of them. They beat the Teutonic Knights in the Battle of Grunwald, which made the German power declined and fragmented into smaller Kingdoms. And in 16th century, the Poles also repelled Russian invasion to Livonia. They also battled the Swedes successfully.

But nothing compared to the era the Poles, with the mighty Winged Hussars — a group of Serbian and Hungarian immigrants fleeing Ottoman persecution formed into an army — occupied the city of Moscow in 1610. Moscow was the centre of Russian nation at the time, but with Russia under crisis and the fall of Rurik dynasty, the Poles seized and placed Dmitriad Princes, though their occupation lasted only two years. After then, the Poles again beat the Russians in Smolensk at 1630s, securing the height of Polish power. This was an era where Poland had a great role on deciding political arena in Europe.

However, Polish power and religious tolerance in Poland declined after the co-invasion of Sweden and Russia in 1650s, which put Poland into a more aggressive Polonization and complete national destruction. However, liberum veto ruined the Commonwealth within, despite the legendary battle of Vienna at 1683 of the great John III Sobieski, whom the Turks called him “the Lion of Lehistan”. Interestingly, the Muslim Turks would go on as the first of only two Muslim states, other being Persia, to condemn the partitions of Poland at 1795. This shows a great depth of this tie. This meant, the contact with Muslim world for Poland, arrived.

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