Why are Indian history textbooks filled with Islamic history?
Islam came to India during the time of Prophet , the Cheraman Jumma Masjid near Cochin in Kerala and Palaiya Jumma Palli at Kilakarai Tamil Nadu are both said to have been build in 628–630 AD during the life time of Prophet.
The Cheraman Masjid was build by a Arab preacher and Kilakarai Masjid by Yemeni traders.
In around 712 AD Arab conquest of Sindh under Mohmad bin Qasim happened and nearly 400 years after that in 1192 after the second battle of Tarain Muslim rule was estableished in North India this rule continued till the death of Aurangzeb in 1705 .
But saying that Kings of Delhi Sultanate or Mughals were the only Islamic dynasties in India will be Misnomer in addition to these there were Muslim Kingdoms in every part of India in Deccan, In Gujarat, in Bengal and in Central India even in North the Sharaqi kingdom of Jaunpur was present during time when delhi was ruled by ***/Khilzi/Tughlaq dynasty in Delhi.
After Aurangzeb many other muslim kingdoms were established in India some notable among them were Hyderabad/Mysore/Awadh/Bengal. During peak of Sikh power a Islamic Kingdom was present in Maler Kotla which survived till independence.
Some of the islamic kingdoms which survived in India till 1947 Hyderabad/Junagdh/Tonk/Bhopal/Rampur/Pataudi /bhawalpur/ Kallat etc.
Indian history in fact is Hindu History but no body cannot hide the facts that there were Islam present in India and Islamic Kingdoms in India since 1193 AD it a period of approximately 750 years till 1947.
A period of 750 years in a nation whose history is believed to be more than 5000 years is just a small period of not even 15% of its total history.
Now coming to the question Why does a period which is not even 15% of total history of a nation can command such a disproportionate coverage in history books?
The answer is simple and many people would howl at and will not accept it but let me elaborate and explain:
a. 99% of major Hindu Kingdoms did not leave behind any proof of their rule, no biographies, no history, no literature.
b. The building built by them did not survive before Ashokan Pillars and Stupas were rediscovered by British there was no proof of existence of Ashoka.
c. The propensity of hindu dynasties to identify themselves with Gods, every kingdom in Rajputana has a version of Puranas tracing their ancestory to Sun and Moon, if you ever get a chance of reading Annals and Antiqieties of Rajasthan by Col. James Tod just look into anexures,
d. In Independent India history has not been researched and proofs collected the coinage , the donation and family tree details availble in depositries of ancient temples , for Rajasthan, Gujarat the Jain temples are big source of correct history but no research has been done.
e. I do not know whether you are aware that Mohd. Gori after defeating Prithvi Raj chauhan issued his coins with DEVNAGRI script.
f. The important fact which is never researched or glossed over that Hinduism survived and prospered in North India , Gangetic Basin which was seat of these Islamic dynasties but lost to Islam on the eastern and western Flank of the empire which were far away from centre of power and under week control.
g. The western flank of Balochistan, Afghanistan including NWFP became majority Muslim communities where control from Delhi/Agra/Lahore was weekest same is true with Geography what is now known as Bangladesh.
h. Another fact which is glossed over is in the battle of Haldighati the leader of Akbar’s army was a Hindu and Leader of Pratap’s army was a Muslim Pathan belonging to the family of Sher Shah Suri.
i. Another fact which is glossed over is India was connected to the world with trade reoutes but hindu kings were never ever interested in technology and upgrading their armour and Babur with less than 10 cannons and few hundred flint rifles was able to surprise them( read battle of Khanwah, where Babar defeated Rana Sangha)
J. The hindu leadership today suffers the same problem which affected the hindu kingdoms of yore and that is importance given to tracing the linage from gods, emotional ranting and crying wolf , creating leaders or events like battle of Baharaich but these never paid dividends .
k. The hindu historians have never tried to capture the living or verbal history which is sung in the form of Ballads across north India, ALLAH of Bundelkhand is an example. Mistrel visiting villages and singing ballads dedicated to the ancestors are still common in Rjasthan/Haryana/UP/Bundelkhand etc.
l. This folk history can help create timelines , fill missing gaps and provide a correct picture for these 750 years.
m. The hindu historian is wasting time in finding a universal historical leader they have tried to put Samudragupta /Harsha /Lalitaditya etc on pedestal to compete with a Akbar or a Ashoka but these do not connect with common people .
n. I do not know why is this obsession on creating somebody in compitition with Akbar and why a candidate is being looked in North India when there are examples of Rajendra Chola/Krishna Deva Raya /Ranjit Singh/ Mahad ji Scindia/Shivaji/Rana Sanga/Rana Kumbha etc are present.
o. But the biggest obsession is finding somebody in North India but ignoring Historical Heroes of rest of India . The history tought and history researched is focussed on North India and IGNORES every body south of Vindyas.
p. And the question asked is a speciality and obsession of people from North India , I have still to come across such question from anybody south of Vindyas.
q. The people from south of India has a different question and a very valid question and that is WHY OUR TEXTBOOKS FILLED WITH HISTORY OF NORTH INDIA ? WHY HISTORY OF SOUTH INDIA IS IGNORED and it is avalid question.
r. The history of other parts is ignored as well, Rajendra Chola and Krishnadeva Raya cannot be ignored so they get foot prints into our history books but what about history of places EAST of LUCKNOW including Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya. Mizoram, Manipur and Tripura.
s. For that matter we do not even give space to characters from these areas a place in our history books Lachit Barphukan comes into history books as the Hero from AHOM kingdom who defeated army of Aurangzeb in Battle of Saraighat.
t. But a Kingdom which ruled over vast areas of north east india continously for nearly 800 years when they were annhilated by british around 1815 needs more representation than few lines and a single episode….
u. The revolt of Hindu Kings of Jaintia Hills in Meghalaya, history of Tripura, Manipur is not even mentioned and biggest irony is that none of Indian are ever taught how TAWANG became part of India and contribution of Nagas and other tribes from north east to nation building…..
Now a Question : WHY HISTORY BOOKS IN INIDA ARE FILLED WITH HISTORY OF NORTH INDIA ?
again NORTH INDIA IS A MISNOMER .
The fact is : THE HISTORY TAUGHT IN TEXT BOOKS IS FILLED WITH HISTORY OF YAMUNA -GANGETIC PLAIN?
And Yamuna-Gangetic plain is not even 10% of Indian Geography and in this area the islamic kingdoms dominated for 500 hundred years from 1193 to 1705 and left their proofs in the form of buildings, forts, graves and revenue records, biographies…..
It is time that we get out of this sick mentality and to not to waste time on such question but really find find out flaws in our history text books and correct them by giving due representation to all parts of the nation…
Once you give repsentation to all parts of nation this bias towards so called Islamic history will correct itself…
But i dont think any body is interested in it…these questions are meant to BASH past governments and Bolshevik historians and present this as proof of minority appeasement…..
To end I would quote from a speech of George W Bush at the dedication of National Museum Of American-African History and Cuture
“A great nation does not hide its history , It faces its flaws and corrects