Is Pakistan a state or country?

Dec 30, 2019 07:54 PM 0 Answers
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Is Pakistan a state or country?

- Dec 30, 2019 07:57 PM

Pakistan is a country in southern Asia. It is next to India, Iran, Afghanistan, and China. It is officially called the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. It has a long coastline along the Arabian Sea in the south. Pakistan has the fifth largest population (207.77 million) in the world. Pakistan has a total land area of 880,940 km2 (340,130 sq mi) (including the Pakistani-administered territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan). This makes Pakistan the 34th largest country in the world. Pakistan has the seventh-largest army in the world. The capital of Pakistan is Islamabad. Before 1960, it was Karachi, which is now the country’s largest city.

Islamic Republic of Pakistan
  • اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاكِستان (Urdu)
  • Islāmī Jumhūriyah Pākistān[1]
Flag of Pakistan
State emblem
Motto: Īmān, Ittihād, Nazam
ایمان، اتحاد، نظم (Urdu)
“Faith, Unity, Discipline” [2]
Anthem: Qaumī Tarānah
قَومی ترانہ
Location of Pakistan (dark green); claimed but uncontrolled region (light green)

Location of Pakistan (dark green); claimed but uncontrolled region (light green)
Capital Islamabad
33°41′30″N 73°03′00″E / 33.69167°N 73.05000°E
Largest city Karachi
24°51′36″N 67°00′36″E / 24.86000°N 67.01000°E
Official languages
  • English
  • Urdu[4][5][6][7][8]
Recognized regional languages
National languages Urdu
Auxiliary languages Arabic
Ethnic groups

  • 44.7% Punjabis
  • 15.4% Pashtuns
  • 14.1% Sindhis
  • 8.4% Saraikis
  • 7.6% Muhajirs
  • 3.6% Balochs
  • 6.3% others[10]

  • 96.0% Islam (Official)
  • 1.85% Hinduism
  • 1.5% Christianity[11]
  • 0.6% others
Demonym(s) Pakistani
Government Federal parliamentary constitutional republic
• President
Arif Alvi
• Prime Minister
Imran Khan
• Chairman of the Senate
Sadiq Sanjrani
• Speaker of the National Assembly
Asad Qaiser
• Chief Justice
Asif Saeed Khan Khosa
Legislature Parliament
• Upper house
• Lower house
National Assembly

from the UK
• Dominion
14 August 1947
• Islamic Republic
23 March 1956
• Current constitution
14 August 1973
• Total
881,913 km2 (340,509 sq mi)[a][13] (33rd)
• Water (%)
• 2017 census
212,742,631[14] (5th)
• Density
244.4/km2 (633.0/sq mi) (56th)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$1.060 trillion[15] (25th)
• Per capita
$5,374[15] (137th)
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$304.4 billion[16] (42nd)
• Per capita
$1,629[17] (145th)
Gini (2013) 30.7[18]
HDI (2017) Increase 0.562[19]
medium · 150th
Currency Pakistani rupee (₨) (PKR)
Time zone UTC+5b (PST)
Driving side left[20]
Calling code +92
ISO 3166 code PK
Internet TLD .pk
  1. See also Pakistani English.:
  2. ^ The Arabic language is officially recognized by the constitution of Pakistan.

The name Pākistān means Land of the Pure in Persian and Urdu.

Name of Pakistan

The name Pakistan (English pronunciation: /ˈpækɪstæn/ (About this soundlisten) or /pɑːkiˈstɑːn/ (About this soundlisten); Urdu: پاکستان‎  [paːkɪˈst̪aːn]) means Land of (the) Spiritually Pure in both Urdu and Persian languages. Many South-central Asian states and regions end with the element –stans, such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, Baluchistan, Kurdistan, and Turkistan. This –stan is formed from the Iranian root *STA “to stand, stay,” and means “place (where one stays), home, country”. Iranian peoples have been the principal inhabitants of the various geographical region of the Ancient Persian Empires now occupied by the states for over a thousand years. The names are compounds of –stan and the name of the peoples living there. Pakistan is a bit of an exception; its name was coined on 28 January 1933 as Pakstan by Choudhary Rahmat Ali, a Pakistan Movement activist, who published it in his paper Now or Never.[21] by using the suffix –istan from Baluchistan preceded by the initial letters of Punjab, AfghaniKashmir, and Sindh. The name is actually an acronym that stands for the “thirty million Muslim brethren who lived in Pakistan—by which we mean the Five Northern units of India viz: Punjab, (Afghan Province), Kashmir, Sind, and Baluchistan“.[22] The letter i was incorporated to ease pronunciation and forms the linguistically correct and meaningful name.[23] Most notably interestingly, a word almost identical in form, etymology, and meaning to the Iranian suffix –stan is found in Polish, which has a word stan meaning “state” (in the senses of both polity and condition). It can be found in the example of a Polish name for the “United States of America,” Stany Zjednoczone Ameryki (literally “States United of America”).

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