Should Pakistan and Saudi Arabia invade and divide Iran between them?

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Asked on January 9, 2019 in History.
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should Pakistan and Saudi Arabia invade and divide Iran between them?

Pakistan had many allies from US to Arab states while IRAN is natural ally of Pakistan being both once part of Persian Empire.

Let’s recall the past.

Iran-Pakistan Relations.

  • After Pakistan gained its independence in August 1947, Iran was the first country to recognize its sovereign status.
  • Iran and KSA used Pakistan as a battleground for their proxy sectarian war, and by the 1990′s Pakistan’s support for the Sunni Taliban organisation in Afghanistan became a problem for Shia Iran, which opposed a Taliban-controlled Afghanistan.

Economic and trade relations continued to expand in both absolute and relative terms, leading to the signing of a Free Trade Agreement between the two countries in 1999.

  • Both countries are founding members of the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO).

At present, both countries are cooperating and forming alliances in a number of areas of mutual interest, such as fighting the Drug Trade along their common border and combating the Balochistan insurgency along their border.’

  • Iran has expressed an interest joining the CPEC.

Polls have consistently shown that a very high proportion of Pakistanis view their western neighbor positively.

Despite Shia-Sunni divisions, Islamic identity became an important factor in shaping Iranian–Pakistani relations, especially after the Islamic Revolution in Iran.

Both countries granted each other MFN status (most favoured nation)for trade purposes; the shah offered Iranian oil and gas to Pakistan on generous terms.

Iran played an important role in the Indo-Pakistani war of 1965, providing Pakistan with nurses, medical supplies, and a gift of 5,000 tons of petroleum. Iran also indicated that it was considering an embargo on oil supplies to India for the duration of the fighting.

The Indian government believed that Iran had blatantly favored Pakistan.

After the suspension of United States military aid to Pakistan, Iran was reported to have purchased ninety Sabre jet fighter planes from West Germany, and to have sent them on to Pakistan.

Although Pakistan’s decision to join the Central Treaty Organisation (CENTO) in 1955 was largely motivated by its security imperatives regarding India, Pakistan did not sign on until Iran was satisfied that the British Government was not going to obstruct the nationalization of British oil companies in Iran. According to Dr. Mujtaba Razvi, Pakistan likely would not have joined CENTO had Iran not decided to do so.

Iran again played a vital role in Pakistan’s 1971 conflict with India, this time supplying military equipment as well as diplomatic support against India. The Shah described the Indian attack as aggression and interference in Pakistan’s domestic affairs;

In an interview with a Parisian newspaper he openly acknowledged that “We are one hundred percent behind Pakistan”.

Iranian PM Amir Abbas Hoveida followed suit, saying that “Pakistan has been subjected to violence and force.”

The Iranian leadership repeatedly expressed its opposition to the dismemberment of Pakistan, fearing it would adversely affect the domestic stability and security of Iran by encouraging Kurdish separatists to rise up against the Iranian govt.

In the same vein, Iran attempted to justify its supplying arms to Pakistan on the grounds that, in its desperation, Pakistan might fall into the Chinese lap. On the other hand, Iran changed its foreign priorities after making a move to maintain good relations with India.

When widespread Armed insurgency broke out in Pakistan’s Balochistan Province in 1973, Iran, fearing the insurgency might spill over into its own Balouhistan Province, offered large-scale support. The Iranians provided Pakistan with military hardware (including thirty Huey cobra attack helicopters), intelligence sharing, and $200 million in aid.

In addition to military aid, the Shah of Iran offered considerable developmental aid to Pakistan, including oil and gas on preferential terms.

Pakistan was a developing Country and small power, while Iran, in the 1960-70s, had the world’s fifth largest military and a strong industrial base, and was the clear, undisputed regional superpower. However, Iran’s total dependence on the United States at that time for its economic development and military build-up had won it the hostility of Arab World.

Tensions arose in 1974, when Muhammad Reza Pahlavi refused to attend the Islamic Conference in Lahore because Libyan leader Muammar Gadaffi had been invited to it, despite the known hostility between the two. In 1976, Iran again played a vital and influential role by facilitating a rapprochement between Pakistan and Afghanistan.

While Pakistan remained neutral during the Iran-Iraq War, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini’s attempts to export the Iranian revolution fueled tensions between Pakistan’s Sunnis and Shias. The militancy of Shia inspired by revolutionary Iran left many Pakistani Sunni feeling deeply threatened. President Zia, despite his pro-Saudi and anti-Shia sentiments, had to manage his country’s security carefully, knowing that Pakistan risked being dragged into a war with its closest neighbor because of its alliance with the United States.

In support of the Gulf cooperation council, formed in 1981, around 40,000 personnel of the Pakistan Armed Forces were stationed in saudia arabia to reinforce the internal and external security of the region. Although high-ranking members of Pakistan Armed Forces strongly objected to the killing of Shia pilgrims in the 1987 mecca incident in Saudi Arabia, Zia did not issue any orders to Pakistan Armed Forces-Arab Contingent Forces to engage any country militarily. Many Stinger Missiles shipped to Pakistan for use by Afgan Mujahideen were instead sold to Iran, which proved to be a defining factor for Iran in the Tanker war.

In December 1979, the Soviet Union invaded fragile Socialist Afganistan to protect its interests in Central Asia and as response to American dominance in the Middle East, in notably Israel, Iran, and many Arab states. In 1980, the Iraqi attack on Iran, and subsequent Soviet support for Iraq, improved Iranian ties with Pakistan. Pakistan focused its covert support on the sectarian Pashtun groups while Iran largely supported the Tajik groups, though they all fought as Afgan mujahideen.

After the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan, the rivalry between Iran and Pakistan intensified. After 1989, both state’s policies in Afghanistan became even more divergent as Pakistan, under benazir Bhutto, explicitly supported Taliban forces in Afghanistan. This resulted in a major breach, with Iran becoming closer to India.

The Pakistani backed Taliban fought the Iranian backed Northern Alliance in Afghanistan and gained control of 90 percent of that country. As noted by a Pakistani foreign service officer, it was difficult to maintain good relations with Israel, Saudi Arabia, the United States, and Iran at the same time, given Iran’s long history of rivalry with these states.

In May 1998, Iran criticised Pakistan for its nuclear testing in the Chagai region, and held Pakistan accountable for global “atomic proliferation”.

New Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif acknowledged his country’s nuclear capability on 7 September 1997.

Before making the announcement, Sharif directed a secret courier to Israel via Pakistan Ambassador to United Nations Inam-ul-Haq and Pakistan Ambassador to United States Dr. Maliha Lohdi in which Pakistan gave utmost assurance to Israel that Pakistan would not transfer any aspects of its nuclear technology or materials to Iran.

n April 2001, the Secretary of Supreme National Security Council Hassan Rowhani (who is President of Iran since August 2013) paid a state visit to Pakistan and met with Pervez Musharraf and his cabinet.

During this visit, Iran and Pakistan agreed to put their differences aside and agree on a broad-based government for Afghanistan.

Iran’s view on Kashmir issue.

On 19 November 2010 Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei appealed to Muslims worldwide to back the freedom struggle in Jammu & Kashmir, equating the dispute with the ongoing conflicts of the Greater Middle East region.

“Today the major duty of the elite of the Islamic Ummah is to provide help to the Palestinian nation and the besieged people of Gaza, to sympathize and provide assistance to the nations of Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq and Occupied kashmir, to engage in struggle and resistance against the aggressions of the US, the Zionist regime…”

He further said that Muslims should be united and “spread awakening and a sense of responsibility and commitment among Muslim youth throughout Islamic communities”.

The *** of his speech was directed at Israel, India, and the US, but also made a veiled reference to Pakistan’s nuclear program:

“The US and the West are no longer the unquestionable decision-makers of the Middle East that they were two decades ago. Contrary to the situation 20 years ago, nuclear know-how and other complex technologies are no longer considered inaccessible daydreams for Muslim nations of the region.”

He said the US was bogged down in Afghanistan and “is hated more than ever before in disaster-stricken Pakistan”.

A former president of Iran (1981–89), Khamenei succeeded Ayatollah Khomeini as the spiritual head of the Iranian people. A staunch supporter of Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Khamenei is believed to be highly influential in Iran’s foreign policy.

Khamenei visitedJammu & Kashmir in the early 1980s and delivered a sermon at Srinagar’s Jama Masjid mosque.

In 2017, Iran’s leader Ayatollah Khamenei said that Kashmiris are being oppressed. He also urged Muslim world to “openly support people of Kashmir and repudiate oppressors and tyrants who attacked people in Ramadan”

Although they have good relations since 1979 revolution of Iran. Pakistan-Iran have neutral relations which will become better with their will to join CPEC and in future as Paksitan no longer an ally of US and doesn’t care enough of saudi influence which will decrease overtime and will be back to its Persian neighbour.

Talking about invasion Pakistan doesnt interfare in islamic nations. Any king of war on Iran would create problems in govt as Pakistanis show support against anyhing US is against, Pakistanis arent happy with saud war on yemen either majority (lets even say 99%) show support to yemen.

Answered on January 14, 2019.
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