What are Pakistan’s initial problems?

Question

What are Pakistan’s initial problems?

nomi king 7 months 1 Answer 139 views

Answer ( 1 )

  1. Originally Answered: What is biggest problem of Pakistan?
    The biggest problem of Pakistan is not poverty, not corruption, not education, not even terrorism prima facie. In fact, a majority of Pakistanis find themselves as victims of the above, but this is not the prime problem of Pakistan. Even India has much of the above problems. The real problem of Pakistan lies in the root level : inside the minds of Pakistanis.

    Inside Pakistan, there is a deep identity crisis. And each Pakistani is unaware in reality as to where assign his/her identity to.

    First, there is the identity of Indian Muslim, portrayed by the Urdu language and the Indo-Mughal heritage, to which perhaps the Punjabis and certainly the Mohajirs can identify themselves with, but Sindhis, Balochis and Pashtuns haven’t yet realized that complete. This was meant as an identity for the Pakistani Muslims to unite themselves, as envisioned by Jinnah. But sadly, the culture as brought out by this identity is more Indian than native to Pakistan. This becomes a problem when Pakistanis try to avoid “Indian culture” through adopting this identity. Both can’t go together.

    Then comes the identity of regional cultures, the real culture of Pakistan – the Punjabi, Sindhi, Balochi, Pashtun, Kalasha, Kashmiri cultures. But, in the fear that the diversity would be superseding the uniting artificial Indo Muslim culture that is imposed, most of the regional culture in Pakistan is suppressed, in fact. A person who speaks Punjabi is seen down upon than one who speaks a bad Urdu. The native cultures of Pakistan are not much encouraged, and are often questioned as complying with other visions of identity which we will see.

    Then there is a Pan-Islamic identity, the one that grows from idea of Islamic brotherhood and is nurtured by the global Islamic ideas envisioned by Iqbal. But this has paved way for an imitation of Perso-Arabic culture and glorifying Central Asian invaders, thinking that Arabs, Persians and Turks are models of Islamic culture, and idolizing them can help Pakistan be “on track”. Recently, there is the silent and violent assertion of Arab Sunni culture as a model for Pakistan by some right wingers. Sadly, this often becomes counter-factual and offers a very bad narrative of history, which was responsible for the Pakistani studies textbook controversy. Extreme right wings in Pakistan try to impose this culture on local population. The whole of terrorism in Pakistan becomes silently encouraged by the imposition of an anti-Indian (thinking wrongly that its anti-Hindu and hence pro-Islamic) narrative of history and facts. The narratives have to be changed.

    Moreover, this also paves way for a more Sunni-fication of Pakistan, and Hazaras are the most persecuted and targeted in Pakistan, even worse than Pakistani Hindus. Ahmadis are stereotyped silently by most of the general Sunni population as liars, criminals and wretched. (Its again notable that some of them, may be due to constant stereotyping, have indulged themselves in such acts)

    Then there is the ethnic identity among Pashtuns and Balochis, and to an extent within some nationalist Sindhis and a significant section of Mohajirs. Caste system is also present to an extent. The ethnic identity of Pashtuns and Balochis often have paved way to a Pashtun nationalism in the past and Balochi nationalism which still goes on. Sindhi nationalists have been another pain in the neck of Pakistan. Mohajirs are discriminated.

    Above all this, the educated and comparatively liberal Pakistanis switch to assimilation of more of western culture, and seem to look down upon all the above identities. Even when the western culture is not assimilated, there is a general thought that whatever western is more modern and fashionable. Syed Ahmad Khan and Jinnah, two important men in Pakistan movement, were noted for giving the Muslims an impression that western culture and outlook is modern and essential, while the local indigenous views are often impractical. . English style clothes, coats are seen as classier. Native culture is considered to be something weird or uncivilized. Taking pride in native cultures happens only when someone asks you about diversity in Pakistan. Else, you silently neglect them.

    So, what is that one remaining identity that unites all Pakistanis? It is simply the anti-Indian identity, sadly. Though people of Pakistan don’t have any issues with Indians, they do have narratives against India the nation, and stereotypes against Hindus, and more often associate India the country with Hindu the religion.

    Lets hope that Pakistanis appreciate their diversity, appreciate their regional languages and culture, instead of imitating Indo-Mughal culture or Arabic culture. Caste issues are also present in India, though ethnic nationalism and separatism is suppressed by the diversity recognized by India to much extent. Narratives against India and Hindus need to be toned down, stereotypes among communities have to be discussed openly and leveled. Extremists shall be toned down then.

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