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Iran… such a great civilization.
Iran was founded in 500 BC by Cyrus the Great of Achaemenid Empire. Yes, the same Cyrus that freed Jews from Babylon and wrote the first charter of human rights aka Cyrus Cylinder.
Persia is the exonym of Iran. It was the only official name used for Iran in the Western world until 1935, when Reza Shah Pahlavi asked foregin countries to call Persia by its endonym Iran. In 1959, Reza Shah’s son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi announced that both Persia and Iran can be used interchangeably.
Iran means land of Aryans. Persia on the other hand is a Greek pronunciation of the word Pars. Pars is a region in Iran. Iranians themselves always called their country Iran not Persia.
Iran is a multiethnic country. Iranian people can be categorized in three categories: Iranic, Turkic and Others. Persians, Kurds, Gilakis, Mazandaranis, Lurs, Tats, Talysh and Baloch are the largest groups of Iranic people in Iran. Then Azerbaijanis, Qashqais and Turkmens constitute the Turkic population of Iran. Arabs, Assriyans, Armenians, Georgians, Circassians, and Mandaeans make up the rest.
Persian language is the official language of Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan. It comes from the region of Pars/Fars, therefore called Parsi/Farsi by Persian speakers. It has 150 million speakers worldwide.
Iran is the number one producer of saffron, pistachio and caviar. It also has a huge resources of oil and gas.
Iranians are inventors of ice cream, qanat, postal service, refrigerator, chess, and sulphuric acid.
I hope that helps!
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