What is Sialkot famous for?
Sialkot is one of the important industrial cities of Pakistan. It has a very ancient history. Sialkot was founded by Raja Sul and later it was reconstructed by Raja Salivahian, he also built a fort in the city, thus the city was given the name ‘Sialkot” which means the “Fort of Sia”. After independence Muslim population of Sialkot supported the Muslim league and Muhammad Ali Jinnah and many Muslims settled here after migrating from India. The city has been affected by the wars of 1965 and 1971 because of its location; it is located near the border of India. Sialkot is known for the manufacturing and export of many items such as surgical instruments, musical instruments, sports goods, leather goods, textile goods, etc. Sialkot is the second-largest source of foreign exchange earnings for Pakistan because of its exports’ and remittances from overseas manpower.
Sialkot is located in Punjab province near the Chenab River. The north part of Sialkot is very fertile whereas south art is less fertile. These both arts are watered by the Chenab River. The main crops of Sialkot are wheat, barley, rice, corn, millet, and sugarcane.
Sialkot is a city rich in culture. People of Sialkot belong to different backgrounds. People of different castes live in Sialkot. They belong to different castes like Jat, Aryan, Kashmir, Mughal, Gujjars, and others. The culture of Sialkot represents Punjabi culture and its impact can be seen in different areas of life in Sialkot. The following are the different elements of Sialkot’s culture.
Different Punjabi dishes are famous in Sialkot. Some of the famous Sialkot dishes are Tandori Chicken, Bhuna Ghost, Nihari, Chicken and Beef Biryani, Keema Naan, Sarson da saag, etc. Famous sweet dishes include Phirni, Jalebi, and Sheer Khorma, etc.
In Sialkot on a wider scale, Punjabi is spoken. It is spoken by 95% people, Punjabi dialects are spoken in the city are
Majhi by the majority.
Dogri/Darhab (Jammu and Narowal district’s people).
Other languages like Urdus, English, and Pashto are also spoken in Sialkot.
Traditional dresses of Sialkot are dhoti, kurta, and Khussa but now shalwar kameez, trousers, and shirts are also worn by the citizen of Sialkot.
The wedding functions include Mehandi, Barat, and Walima. These functions resemble the wedding functions of other cities of Punjab. Mehandis are performed before the Barat in which girls wear colorful dresses and sing mehndi songs. After Walima, a rasam is performed in which Dulhan visits her home for the first time after the marriage, this rasam is called muklawa. All these functions represent the traditions of Sialkot.
Punjabi culture is dominated in the poetry of this area. The poetry of this area clearly shows the Punjabi mindset. Many poets like Baba Farid, Bulleh Shah, Shah Hussain, and Waris Shah have been cited in the city. And the Punjabi poetry of this area has been translated into many other languages. Sialkot has produced very famous poets throughout its history. It is the home of the greatest poet which the world has ever seen, Allama Iqbal. Furthermore more great poets and writers like Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Muhammad Zafarullah Khan, and Asghar Sodhar belong to Sialkot.
Sialkot has many historical places that represent its culture. It is a great center for Punjabi culture. Following are some of the important places in Sialkot:
There is a shrine of Imam Ali-ul-Haq.
In Sialkot, there are also remains of Sialkot fort. The tomb of Pir Muradia Shah is also in the Sialkot fort.
Birthplace of Allama Iqbal has been converted into a museum, which contains his personal belongings and a library which comprises different types of books.
Puran well related to Punjab folklore Bhagat Puran is also situated in Sialkot.
All these historical represent the culture of Sialkot.
Numerous theatre organizations like Shaheen Arts Council Adda Pasuiyan, Dramatic Society Islamia College Sialkot, Al-Shahkaar Art Society Sialkot, Khan Art Council Sialkot, and many others are working for the promotion and development of theatre in Sialkot. They are also producing good quality actors. The atmosphere and standard of theatre in Sialkot are good. but because of the availability of other forms of entertainment level of the audience for the theatre is decreasing day by day but still especially families like to visit theatres But none the less, Stage in Sialkot has also been contaminated with vulgarity like stages of other cities of Pakistan. In the last few years, the quality of the stage has decreased because of which people avoid stage mostly.
Punjabi music is dominant in Sialkot. Bhangra is the most listened form of music but now the trend of mixing Punjabi music to produce a new variety of music is gaining popularity.
In Sialkot, various music academies are working for the production of high-quality music. They are also producing good quality singers. These academies include Sun Sangam academy, Pakistan Arts Council, Sub Rung Musical group, etc.
Punjabi form of dances is famous is Sialkot. They are performed at different events like weddings, festivals, etc. Different Punjabi dances like Bhangra, Jhumar, and Gidha are performed in different events of Sialkot. Men and women both participate in these dances.
Numerous organizations like Daera-tul-Adab, Bazm-e-Urdu Jammu Kashmir, Anjuman Shabab Urdu, Bazm-e-Anees Sialkot, and others are working in Sialkot for the promotion and development of literature.
Sialkot has a very good educational system and provides many facilities for students and has a very good educational infrastructure. Many different educational institutes are operating in the city and they provide excellent educational facilities to the students. Here there are universities for students of medical, engineering, law and also a virtual university. In Sialkot, there is also a separate university for women.
Different sports like are being played in the city. Cricket is the most played sport. Sialkot’s cricket team is known as Sialkot Stallions and they have participated in numerous cricket tournaments. Annually a golf tournament is also held at the Sialkot Golf club.
Three industries dominate Sialkot. These industries provide employment opportunities for the people of Sialkot.
Sialkot produces different types of surgical instruments to export.
Sialkot’s hand stitch footballs are famous worldwide for their excellent quality.
Sialkot’s produce excellent quality leather jackets, handbags, etc.