What is the full form of AIDS? How is AIDS transmitted?

Mudassir Ali
Jan 25, 2020 01:35 PM 0 Answers
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Mudassir Ali
- Jan 25, 2020 01:35 PM

AIDS is an acronym for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS is the end result of untreated or poorly mnanaged HIV infection. For this reason, the term “HIV/AIDS” is used more often. 98% of HIV infections are transmitted through contact with specific body fluids (blood, semen, vaginal fluid) of infected person and mostly through unprotected sexual intercourse.

An individual with HIV infection is said to have AIDS when s/he meets one of the following criteria

Has a CD4 count below 200
Has an AIDS defining illness (e.g TB, Kaposi’s Sarcoma, pneumocystic Pneumonia etc.)
The immune system of a person with AIDS is compromised to the extent that it can no longer defend the body against common infections. The sufferer will be inflicted with exotic infections and rare cancers, both of which could be fatal. While prognosis of AIDS patients is poor, it is possible to manage the HIV infection using a cocktail of antiretrovirals so that the immune system is preserved and the patient never reaches the stage that is defined as AIDS. Thanks to modern medicines, most HIV positive people can live full and normal lives with proper treatment and lifestyle changes.

Hope this clarifies your query.

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