What kind of relation between China and Pakistan?

Mudassir Ali
Dec 23, 2019 03:41 PM 0 Answers
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What kind of relation between China and Pakistan?

Mudassir Ali
- Dec 23, 2019 03:41 PM

Although Pakistan was one of the first countries to recognise Communist China, there was no love lost between the two countries. India being bigger country was wooed by all the three -China, USSR and USA. India sided with the USSR and China. Up till 1956 India-China Bhai Bhai was the common mantra in both the countries.

However, during 1956 Bandung Conference held in the capital of Indonesia, Indians outmanoeuvred China for the leadership of the Third World bringing China and Pakistan a bit closer. Still the relations between the two did not get on well because of Pakistan’s desperate need for military hardware and economic assistance which forced her to tilt towards the West particularly USA. Pakistan joined all the major alliances created by the USA to contain communism in this part of the world, a development which did not go well with the Chinese

It was the 1962 India’s war with China which changed the geopolitical alignments. USA started arming India apparently against China but Pakistan genuinely feared that theses arms wold be ultimately used against Pakistan. Realising that the honeymoon was over, Pakistan started cultivating close cooperation with China for the same reasons it courted USA in the first place. Arms embargo during the 1965 War between Pakistan and India which hurt Pakistan more due to its total reliance on American military armaments, resulted in further deterioration of relations between the two countries.

On the other hand, China and Pakistan came together due to convergence of their long term strategic interests. Since then, there has been no turning back. During the entire containment period, China had only two friends -Pakistan and Albania. That is why USA requested Pakistan for help in its rapprochement with China resulting in Kissinger’s historic visit to China from Islamabad.

Pakistan’s relationship with China is strategic, historic, trouble-free and pivotal to the country’s foreign policy. China helps Pakistan openly and there is no secret about that. From 1965 to 1979, China supplied military equipment to Pakistan almost free of cost and also helped Pakistan in upgrading its defence industry. Its cooperation in the nuclear field is an open secret.

In fact, with the coming together of India and USA for the second encirclement of China, Pakistan has become even more important for China than before. Strategic evolution of this relationship has given the Sino-Pak partnership added significance at a time of a fundamental change in the global balance of power brought about by China’s rise as a global economic powerhouse.

In recent years bilateral ties have broadened and diversified from the traditional focus on defence and military cooperation towards a greater economic and investment orientation. Pakistan is now a critical link in China’s ‘One Belt, One Road’ initiative-a manifestation of the direction this key relationship is taking. China Pakistan Economic Corridor makes greater economic sense for Pakistan than it has for China but has a huge geopolitical significance for China. Present acts of terrorism in Pakistan and increasing hostility of Modi towards Pakistan should be seen in this context

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