What was the first week of captivity like for the average German soldier who was captured by the Russians at Stalingrad in 1943?

Mudassir Ali
Jan 22, 2020 08:43 AM 0 Answers
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Mudassir Ali
- Jan 22, 2020 08:43 AM

In principle, Soviet norms for German prisoners of war made it possible not to starve to death.

“…. Regional, city, district divisions of the NKVD, the linear divisions of the NKVD on transport, the heads of the camps of the GULAG of the NKVD, the commanders of individual convoy companies, battalions and regiments of the NKVD.



No. 25/6519

June 29, 1941

I declare for guidance and rigorous execution, established by the directive of the People’s Commissariat of Defense of the USSR No. ВЭО / 133 of June 26, 41. daily dietary standards for German prisoners of war held in places of deprivation of liberty through the NKVD and along the way.

Rye bread 600g.

Flour 85% grinding 20g.

Different grits 90gr.

Pasta 10g.

Meat 40g.

Fish (including herring) 120g.

Vegetable oil 20g.

Sugar 20g.

Surrogate tea 1 1/2 gr.

Potatoes and vegetables 600g.

Tomato puree 6 gr.

Red or black pepper 0.13 gr

Bay leaf 0.2g.

Salt 20g.

Shag 5 packs 50g. (per month)

Matches 5 boxes (per month)

Laundry soap 200gr. (per month)

The soldiers and officers of the German army, surrendered voluntarily, increase the rate of delivery of bread by 100g. and sugar on 10g per day.

Allow the replacement of meat with canned meat 29 gr. or bacon-fat 40g, fish canned fish 90g.

1. Attach camps of prisoners of war on food supplies to the nearest food depots, regardless of departmental affiliation.

2. For the delivery of prisoners of war to the camps, to allocate the required number of automobile or horse-drawn vehicles through the local regional or district authorities .. “.

The causes of supermortality in Stalingrad are as follows.

1 The command of the Red Army proposed surrender for the encircled German troops. With an obligation to treat prisoners well. Surrender was rejected. Naturally, instead of food for the prisoners, the only railway in the area of ​​Stalingrad delivered ammunition against enemy soldiers.

2 Soviet intelligence was mistaken because it assumed that there were about 80 thousand soldiers surrounded. It turned out that 3 times more got into the environment. Even after the fighting to eliminate the German group, there was not enough food for such a number of prisoners of about 90 thousand people.

3 The prisoners were exhausted by hunger, cold, illness and nervous breakdown, because the Reichsmarschall did not keep his word about the “air bridge”.

4 The supreme commanders and supplies of the 6th German Army had food supplies due to lower food standards for their troops.

+ Incidents of executions of prisoners of war by the Red Army.

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