Where was General pervez Musharraf Born?

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Where was General pervez Musharraf Born?

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  1. General Pervez Musharraf
    Quotes from His book ” In the line of Fire Memoir ”
    General Pervez Musharraf, the second of three brothers, was born in Delhi on August 11, 1943. His parents chose to settle in Karachi after the creation of Pakistan. He comes from a middle class family, his father having worked for the foreign ministry. He spent his early years in Turkey, from 1949 to 1956, owing to his father, the late Syed Musharrafu-ud-din’s deputation in Ankara. He claims to speak Turkish Fluently. He accepts Mustafa Kamal Ataturk as his hero.

    On return to Pakistan from Turkey, General Pervez Musharraf received his education from Saint Patrick’s High School, Karachi, and then from F. C. College, Lahore. In 1961, he joined the Pakistan Military Academy and was commissioned in Artillery Regiment in 1964. He fought in the Indo-Pakistan War of 1965 as a young officer, and was awarded Imtiazi Sanad for gallantry. He also achieved the Nishan-i-Imtiaz (Military) and the Tamgha-i-Basalat. He has been also on the faculty of the Command and Staff College, Quetta and the war wing of (the) National Defence College. He volunteered to be a commando, and remained in the Special Services Group for seven years. He also participated in the Indo-Pak War of 1971 as a Company Commander in the Commando Battalion.

    A graduate of Command and Staff College, Quetta, General Musharraf also distinguished himself at the Royal College of Defense Studies, United Kingdom. During his military career, General Musharraf acquired varied experience in different command and instructional appointments. He also served as Director General Military Operations at the General Headquarters from 1993 to 1995.

    General Musharraf rose to the rank of General and was appointed as the Chief of Army Staff on October 7, 1998 when Pakistan’s army chief, General Jehangir Karamat, resigned two days after calling for the army to be given a key role in the country’s decision-making process. General Musharraf was given additional charge of Chairman Joint Chiefs Staff Committee on April 9, 1999. On October 12, 1999, when through a bloodless coup the military took over the government in Pakistan, he became the head of the state designated as Chief Executive. He assumed the office of President of Pakistan on June 20, 2001. In order to legitimize and legalize his rule, General Pervez Musharraf held a referendum on April 30, 2002 thereby elected as President of Pakistan for duration of five years. In accordance with the deal with MMA (Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal), he agrees to leave the army on 31st December, 2004 but will continue to serve five-year term as President as he got vote of confidence on January 1, 2004, from the parliament and the four provincial assemblies under the provision of the 17th Amendment duly passed by the National Assembly and the Senate.

    General Musharraf got married in 1968 and has two children, a son and a daughter. He loves to spend most of his leisure time playing Squash, Badminton or Golf. He also takes keen interest in water sports and has been an enthusiastic canoeist. He calls himself an avid reader, he is well versed in Military History, his favorite subject.

    PROFILE
    General Pervez Musharraf
    Nishan-I-Imtiaz (Military),
    Tamgha-i-Basalat,
    Ex President,
    Islamic Republic of Pakistan
    During the three years of General Pervez Musharraf as the Chief Executive of Pakistan, the country saw more structural reforms than at any time in its history. Ranging from economic and social sector reforms to – administrative and political restructuring – improvements were carried out in almost every conceivable facet of national life. At the time he assumed office of the Chief Executive on 12th October 1999, the country was in deep economic and constitutional crisis. His administration’s remarkable achievement of pulling the, country out of the economic and political morass in a short span has been widely acknowledged. On the international front, Pakistan’s‘ image saw a major turnaround from the point where it faced diplomatic isolation.
    General Pervez Musharraf was sworn in as the 11th President of Pakistan and concurrently held with it the office of Chief Executive till 23rd November, 2002: After fulfilling his commitment to the people of Pakistan to hold general elections in the country on 10th October 2002, he transferred the powers of Chief Executive to the newly elected Prime Minister. On restoration of Constitution, he was administered fresh oath of office of President on 31st October 2002.

    President Musharraf, the second of three brothers, was born in Delhi on 11th August, 1943. He spent his early childhood in Ankara, Turkey, where his father was posted on a diplomatic assignment from 1949 to 1956. He was quick to pick up Turkish language during his stay and developed fluency in a very short time. Upon his return to Pakistan, he pursued his education at St. Patrick’s High School, Karachi. He was at Forman Christian College, Lahore, when he got the call to join the Pakistan Military Academy in 1961. From his college years, he has retained his keen interest in water sports such as canoeing and sailing. He also spends his leisure time playing squash, tennis and golf. An avid reader, General Musharraf is particularly well versed in military history-his favorite subject.

    President Musharraf was commissioned in an artillery regiment in 1964. A graduate of Command and Staff College, Quetta, and the National Defense College, Rawalpindi, he, later in his career, returned to these internationally recognized premier military institutions to serve as a faculty member. He-also had the distinction to study at the Royal College of Defense Studies, United Kingdom.

    From the very start of an illustrious military career, General Musharraf excelled in his assignments. He received official recognition for valour and bravery in action during the 1965 war. He was selected to serve in the elite Special Services Group (SSG) “Commandos” and participated in the 1971 war as a company commander in a commando battalion. On promotion to the rank of major general in January 1991, he was given the command of an infantry division and later of a prestigious strike corps as lieutenant general in 1995. He was promoted to the rank of General on 7th October, 1998 and appointed the Chief of Army Staff. He also held the additional charge of Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee from April, 1999 to October, 2001.

    President Musharraf envisions Pakistan as a modern and moderate Islamic state. His bold initiatives to ensure Pakistan’s steady progression on the road to sustainable economic and social development have been internationally praised. He considers people of Pakistan as the most precious asset and, therefore, has always accorded special focus to human resource development in the country. A man who loves peace, he has shown his predisposition to dialogue over confrontation and finding just solutions to international disputes in accordance with UN resolutions.

    He married Sehba Farid, on 27th December, 1968. They have two children, a son and a daughter, both now married and settled in their respective lives. General and Mrs. Musharraf are grandparents by virtue of their grand daughters, Maryam and Zainab, from daughter, Ayla.

    He is now the leader of his All Pakistan Muslim Legue Party.

    Impeachment movement and resignation of Pervez Musharraff
    On 7 August 2008, the Pakistan Peoples Party and the Pakistan Muslim League (N) agreed to force Musharraf to step down and begin his impeachment. Asif Ali Zardari and Nawaz Sharif announced sending a formal request or joint charge sheet that he step down, and impeach him through parliamentary process upon refusal. Musharraf, however, said: �I will defeat those who try to push me to the wall. If they use their right to oust me, I have the right to defend myself.” Musharraf, accordingly delayed his departure for the Beijing Olympics, by a day. A senior coalition official told Reuters: “Yes, we have agreed in principle to impeach him.” The draft of the ruling coalition�s joint statement had been finalized by the draft Committee, and Musharraf would have to obtain vote of confidence from the National Assembly and 4 provincial assemblies. The government summoned the national assembly, or lower house of parliament, to sit on 11 August. Capt. Wasif Syed, spokesman for the Pakistan People’s Party�confirmed: “A decision has been made that he has to go now, and all the parties have agreed on this point.”[93]. It is speculated that Pervez Musharraf would have had to face corruption and even murder charges if he had kept refusing a graceful exit from the president house.

    On Monday, 18 August 2008, in a speech defending his record, Musharraf announced that he had resigned.

  2. Pervez Musharraf

    The tenth President of Pakistan, Pervez Musharraf is a retired four star general of the Pakistan Army. He served as the thirteenth Chief of the Army Staff, as well as the tenth Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee and took over the administration of the country in a military coup in October 1999. Pervez Musharraf headed the administrative military government in Pakistan from October 1999 to August 2007.

    Pervez Musharraf was born on 11th August, 1943 in Delhi, India. He belonged to a middle class family and several of his ancestors were government officials during the British rule over the sub-continent. His own father, Syed Musharrafuddin, worked in the Foreign Office of the Indian government, while his mother went on to do a masters, a rarity for most Muslim women at the time, and became a school teacher. After the partition of the Indian sub-continent the family migrated to Pakistan and settled in Karachi. Musharraf’s father was posted in Turkey in 1949 and the entire family moved to Ankara when his father became a member of the diplomatic deputation from Pakistan. Musharraf returned to Pakistan in 1957 and attended Saint Patrick’s School in Karachi. He graduated from the Forman Christian College Lahore and in 1961 entered the Pakistan Military Academy, at Kakul.

    Musharraf participated in the 1965 war against India and was part of that that elite group of the artillery regiment which launched an offensive on the Kasur-Khem Karan sector. It was in this war that he won the Imtiazi Sanad medal for gallantry. Musharraf became lieutenant colonel in 1974, a colonel in 1978 and staff officer during the 1980s. In 1990 he studied at the Royal College of Defense Studies in Britain for a year. Musharraf became a major general in 1991 and served as the Director-General of Pakistan Army’s Directorate General for the Military Operations (DGMO). In 1997 he was superseded by Liuetenant General Ali Kuli Khan Khattak as Chief of General Staff (CGS), at which Musharraf was quite ‘surprised and disappointed.’ He even contemplated retirement as a lieutenant general. However he was favored by the then Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and personally promoted to Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee.

    General Pervez Musharraf was the main strategist behind the Kargil plan, which was launched in March 1999. Pakistani and Kashmiri soldiers began infiltrating on the Indian side of the LOC. When India discovered this movement the conflict escalated to a full scale war between May and June 1999. However as the international pressure intensified the Prime Minsite Nawaz Sharif withdrew support to the insurgents in Kargil conflict and the Pakistan Army had to evacuate the captured posts, retracing their steps back to Pakistan. The causalities in Pakistan were heavy and the government even refused to accept the dead bodies of many officers. This greatly antagonized the army and rumors of a possible coup began circulating.

    In 1999 in a bloodless coup the Pakistan army took over and replaced the Sharif government. The Prime Minister replaced Musharraf as Chief of Army Staff with Ziauddin Butt on 12th October 1999, while he was still on his way back to Pakistan from Sri Lanka. The Prime Minister ordered the plane carrying Musharraf into Pakistan not to land in Karachi, which caused quite a stir in the army. The army seized the control tower in Karachi Airport, allowing the plane to land and stating the coup. Two days later on 14th October 1999, Musharraf declared a state of emergency in Pakistan issuing a Provisional Constitution Order.

    The army rule continued for three years when on 20th April 2002 he held a referendum and formally appointed himself as the President of Pakistan on 20th June 2002. He became a close ally with the US in the aftermath of 9/11 supporting the war on terror. The Bush government provided Pakistan with military and economic assistance. After the fall of the Taliban government in Afghanistan they were able to launch insurgency in Pakistan. ‘By 2005, the Taliban and al-Qaeda were in the midst of a major terrorist campaign against the Musharraf regime.’ During this time the pressure from Bush administration to curb the insurgencies also increased on Musharraf, as the US began firing unnamed drones at Taliban and al-Qaeda targets in Pakistan and carry out cross border incursions. The Pakistani people, opposed to the country’s involvement in the war on terror, retaliated gravely to this and domestic pressure on Musharraf increased.

    As the country was gripped in the clutches of suicide bombing and Islamic extremist, anti-Musharraf elements on particular institution, the Lal Masjid became the hub of activity. In their demand to the government to impose sha’riah, madrassah students and women began attacking DVD shops and causing disruptions in their activities. These people were part of the seminaries in the Lal Masjid, owned by two brothers who had continued to challenge the write of the General during his tenure. In July 2007 the Government forces surrounded the Lal Masjid and the stand-off went on for a week. Eventually the forces bombed the mosque to gain entry, killing many of the people inside. This was the last straw. Musharraf was forced to resign in 2008 as the power was transferred to Asif Ali Zardari.

    Musharraf is currently trying to make his comeback in Pakistani politics.

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