Why are oriental rugs sometimes called Persian or Turkish rugs?

Question

By the strictest definition, Oriental rugs are carpeted hand knotted only in Asia. Iran, China, India, Russia, Turkey, Pakistan, Tibet, and Nepal are some of the biggest rug exporters. Persian rugs also are Oriental Carpets but they are made only in Iran (formerly known as Persia).

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Answer ( 1 )

  1. Oriental rugs are mainly classified into Turkish and Persian. In other words, they are two different things.
    Turkish and Persian rugs are different regarding the technique and design. Anyway, the most obvious difference between a Turkish rug and a Persian rug is their designs.

    Persian rug

    Turkish rug

    Let me talk more about the details. The picture below shows the difference between Persian and Turkish knot technique:

    Majority of the Turkish rugs are knotted with Turkish knots and it is almost impossible to see a Turkish rug knotted with Persian Knot technique but we can not say the same for Persian rugs, majority of the rugs knotted in Northern and North Western Iran are knotted with Turkish knot technique because even thou they are classified under the name of “Persian rugs” since they are made in the country Iran they are woven by EthnicTurkish people and those ethnic Turkish people use the “Turkish knots” on their rugs. Except the Northern part rest of the Iran is knotting rugs with Persian knots also other “indo-iranian” countries are using Persian knot to knot their rugs such as Pakistan,India,Afghanistan.

    Persian rugs belonging to Turkmen ethnical group

    Asymmetrical knots in persian technique makes using round motifs way easier. Most of the Persian rugs have more rounded,oriental and elegant designs and motifs, mostly the center of the rug has a medallion design. On the other hand, most of the Turkish rugs have straight, sharp and geometric designs and full of tribal and meaningful motifs. Other than knots, cultural and hystorical background of Turks and the Persians also affect the rug designs.

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